What is WEEE and how does it affect your business operation?

 

WEEE is the acronym of Waste Electronic & Electric Equipment which came into force in 2007 and under which all electrical equipment is classed as a controlled substance and/or waste; typically this can and does include although not limited to computers, laptops, phones, mobile phones and other hand held devices, washing machines, refrigerators, power tools and even electric toothbrushes. The onus has been squarely placed on business owners and management teams in larger companies to ensure that any equipment leaving the premises is disposed of in accordance with the legislation and is not channeled into landfill sites or ‘fly tipped’ by less than scrupulous operators.

The legislation was enacted as a set of proactive measures to combat the rapidly increasing problem of electrical equipment, most of which contains some type of toxic substance or heavy element in its construction. This typically includes but is not limited to lead, cadmium, mercury, bromine and arsenic as a few examples although this isn’t an exhaustive list. At the last count from when official figures are available the European Union member states disposed of six and a half million tonnes of electrical waste into landfill sites, and this figure, if nothing was done about it, was expected to rise to fifteen million tonnes by 2015.

The legislation has contributed to a significant drop in these figures and is decreasing in real terms year on year with more and more redundant and waste electrical equipment being disposed of through recycling centres and specialist companies where the waste is broken down into its individual elemental components. Plastics, steel, glass, ceramics, gold, silver, platinum and palladium are just a few of the elements of electrical equipment construction which are being recycled in increasing numbers and playing a part in improving sustainable industrial practices.

Removing and responsibly disposing of electrical waste is best dealt with by placing the burden onto a specialist licenced waste disposal, waste carrier and/or recycling company. To ensure full compliance with the legislation always make sure their credentials are up to date and do not hesitate in insisting you see proof of their liecencing credentials.

How do Inkjet Printers Work?

 

Although inkjet printers were first mass-produced in the 1980s, it was only in the 1990s that prices dropped low enough for that technology to be brought into the mass consumer market. Canon claims to have invented what it calls ‘bubble jet’ technology in 1977, when a researcher accidentally touched an ink-filled syringe with a hot soldering iron and the heat forced a drop of ink out of the needle. And so began the development of a new printing method.

Inkjet printers have made rapid technological advances in recent years. First, the three-color printer succeeded in making colour inkjet printing an affordable option; but as the superior four-color models became cheaper to produce and sell, it wound up being the standard and users’ choice.

Inkjet printing has two chief benefits over laser printers: lower printer cost and colour-printing capabilities. But while inkjet printers are priced much less than laser printers, they are actually more expensive to use and maintain. Cartridges need to be changed more frequently and the special coated paper required to produce high-quality output is very expensive. At a cost per page level, inkjet printing costs about 10 times more than laser printing.

Operation

Inkjet printing, like laser printing, is a non-impact process. Ink is emitted from nozzles while they pass over media. The operation of an inkjet printer is easy to visualize: liquid ink in various colours being squirted onto paper and other media, like plastic film and canvas, to build an image. A print head scans the page in horizontal strips, using the printer’s motor assembly to move it from left to right and back again, while the paper is rolled up in vertical steps, again by the printer. A strip (or row) of the image is printed, then the paper moves on, ready for the next strip. To speed things up, the print head doesn’t print just a single row of pixels in each pass, but a vertical row of pixels at a time.

For most inkjet printers, the print head takes about half a second to print the strip across a page. On a typical 8 1/2″-wide page, the print head operating at 300 dpi deposits at least 2,475 dots across the page. This translates into an average response time of about 1/5000th of a second. Quite a technological feat! In the future, however, advances will allow for larger print heads with more nozzles firing at faster frequencies, delivering native resolutions of up to 1200dpi and print speeds approaching those of current colour laser printers (3 to 4 pages per minute in colour, 12 to 14ppm in monochrome). In other words, declining costs for improving technology.

There are several types of inkjet printing. The most common is “drop on demand” (DOD), which means squirting small droplets of ink onto paper through tiny nozzles; like turning a water hose on and off 5,000 times a second. The amount of ink propelled onto the page is determined by the print driver software that dictates which nozzles shoot droplets, and when.

The nozzles used in inkjet printers are hairbreadth fine and on early models they became easily clogged. On modern inkjet printers this is rarely a problem, but changing cartridges can still be messy on some machines. Another problem with inkjet technology is a tendency for the ink to smudge immediately after printing, but this, too, has improved drastically during the past few years with the development of new ink compositions.

What is a Corporate Audit?

 

Sarbanes Oxley and Corporate Auditing

A corporate audit is an examination of financial or operational procedures at a corporation.

Audits may be conducted by an internal or external corporate auditing team, and they can serve a variety of functions.

While many people think of audits by tax authorities when they hear the word “audit,” corporate audits are not just about taxes. Auditing is designed to confirm that companies are operating within the law, and that their stated ethical standards are upheld by their practices.

In the financial sense, a corporate audit involves detailed inspection of financial accounts and financial practices. Auditors look for financial irregularities which might be signs of evasion, embezzling, and other illegal activities.

For some financial audits, the auditors may also be concerned with how to help the company operate more efficiently and effectively, looking for ways in which the company can cut costs and improve performance. Others may be more interested in making sure that the company’s financial situation is accurately represented.

For publicly traded companies, financial audits and disclosures of financial information are required to protect shareholders and members of the general public. The most recent audit results and financial filings must be made available to those who ask. Auditing is designed to act in a regulatory capacity, keeping companies fiscally responsible and honest about their financial practices and economic situation.

What Does Sarbanes-Oxley Have to Do with Me?

What do Enron, Worldcom, Qwest and Anytown Community Bank have in common? The answer is that each can be expected to feel the impact of the Sarbanes–Oxley Act of 2002, regardless of whether it is a publicly-traded company.

US Congress’s response to corporate fraud, greed, and slip-shod accounting practices was quick in election year 2002. The Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 passed by Congress on July 30, 2002 was Congress’s response to the headlines appearing daily in the business sections of newspapers chronicling corporate mismanagement and SEC laxness. The response was not unlike one with which all bankers are familiar.

What companies need to comply with Sarbanes-Oxley?

All publicly-traded companies in the United States, including all wholly-owned subsidiaries, and all publicly-traded non-US companies doing in business in the US are effected.

In addition, any private companies that are preparing for their initial public offering (IPO) may also need to comply with certain provisions of Sarbanes-Oxley

Cloud Computing Made Simple

 

iCloud what’s it all about?

iCloud is a cloud service from Apple Inc. announced on June 6, 2011 at the Apple Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC).

The service allows users to store data such as music files and automatically sync between multiple devices such as: iPhones, iPods, iPads, Macintoshes and personal computers.

It also replaces MobileMe, acting as a data syncing center for email, contacts, calendars, bookmark, notes, to-do lists and other data.

What is iCloud or cloud computing?

Everybody is sure that cloud computing is key to the future of IT, but people often seem unsure quite what it is. In fact, it’s an umbrella term for a number of different trends, all involving the internet and it’s potential to simplify the way we use computers and extend their capabilities.

The “cloud” is the internet, and the term is fitting – it’s large, out there somewhere, and fuzzy at the edges. Cloud computing is about putting more of your material out there and less on PCs or servers that a business runs for itself.

What are the benefits of Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing is an online form of computing (Web 2.0 in fact) where users can access applications via a browser, while the application is installed and stored (as well as the data) on a server. This is a whole new form of computing and is allowing thousands of users from all around the world to access something without having to download and install anything on their own computers. An example of this would be Google Docs.

Though it may not sound safe, there are many benefits for cloud computing. In fact, many companies use it, including Amazon, Yahoo, Google, Zoho, Microsoft and Salesforce. This becoming the norm in computing and software, though there is some risk. So what is the big to do about cloud computing? What makes it so fabulous? Here are just a few of the reasons.

Reduced Cost It helps keep the cost down for both the users and website owners. Also for the users, they can access it from any computer and still have the file they need. For the owners, they do not need to reproduce the software and ship it out. They just rent the server space.

More Storage They can hold more storage than a personal computer can.  It takes away the need for the upgrading computer memory, which also helps keep the cost down for the companies and users alike.

Computing Flexibility It has more flexibility than other network computing systems and saves time plus money for people who are in a time crunch.

Mobility Like most networks it allows users to connect even without their own computers, meaning you can do your work from anywhere in the world as long as you have an internet connection and a computer access. So you can take your work with you on your wedding and vacations.

What Are Lead Acid Batteries? What’s In Them? What Are They Made Of?

 

Lead acid batteries either start or power cars, trucks, buses, boats, trains, rapid mass-transit systems, recreational vehicles and electric wheelchairs all over the globe. The car battery also provides a stable electrical supply to a vehicle’s electrical system.

During power outages, lead acid batteries provide quiet, pollution-free emergency power for critical operations such as air-traffic control towers, hospitals, railroad crossings, military installations, submarines, and weapons systems. In these situations the telephones stay on and this is because every major telephone company in the world, including mobile telephone service providers, uses lead acid batteries as backup power to the telecommunications systems.

Were it not for standby lead acid batteries, we probably would have power outages nearly every day because the electric utilities would not be able to handle rapid fluctuations in the demand for electricity. This is when lead acid batteries come to the rescue, as enormous arrays of batteries delivering large amounts of electricity for short periods of time until additional capacity is added to the grid.

Lead acid batteries power electric fork trucks used in warehouses, factories, mines, and ships. They also power the shuttle vehicles in airports, as well as wheelchairs, amusement park shuttles and golf carts. On the road, lead acid batteries power electric law-enforcement vehicles, buses, and very soon mail delivery vans.

Lead-acid batteries are the environmental success story of our time. More than 97 percent of all battery lead is recycled. Compared to 55% of aluminium soft drink and beer cans, 45% of newspapers, 26% of glass bottles and 26% of tires, lead-acid batteries top the list of the most highly recycled consumer product.

The lead-acid battery gains its environmental edge from its closed-loop life cycle. The typical new lead-acid battery contains 60 to 80 percent recycled lead and plastic.

When a spent battery is collected, it is sent to a permitted recycler where, under strict environmental regulations, the lead and plastic are reclaimed and sent to a new battery manufacturer. The recycling cycle goes on indefinitely. That means the lead and plastic in the lead-acid battery in your car, truck, boat or motorcycle have been – and will continue to be — recycled many, many times. This makes lead-acid battery disposal extremely successful from both environmental and cost perspectives.

What is an LCD or Plasma TV?

 

CRT or TFT what is the difference?

CRT technology or Cathode Ray Technology has been around for decades the earliest version of the CRT was invented by the German physicist Ferdinand Braun in 1897 From mono though to Colour.
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What’s Best? LPG, Petrol or Diesel?

 

Why is LPG better than Petrol or Diesel?

We all see the cheaper cost of LPG compared to Petrol of Diesel but is it better or cleaner to the environment than Petrol or Diesel.

Firstly the simple chemical nature of the LPG fuel ensures that it burns cleaner producing less pollution.

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Why Should You Be Bothered About Recycling?

 

Why should I recycle?

There are many different reasons and advantages of recycling old materials to manufacture into new products. Recycling benefits relate to many different areas, some of which could greatly improve the air we breathe and the environment we live in.

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What is WEEE?

 

You may keep coming across the phrase WEEE or keep seeing the small wheelie bin symbol with a cross through it on your electrical products?

So what does it all mean & what is WEEE?

WEEE stands for Waste Electronic & Electric Equipment which under UK law is now classed as a controlled waste.

The government introduced the WEEE directive into UK law in 2007, this is basically aimed at encouraging the reuse and recycling of electrical equipment and the materials used to manufacture such items.

Why is the important?

With every household & business using more & more electrical products by the day it is estimated that 6.5 million tonnes of electric waste was produced by EU member in one year alone. By 2015 this is set to become an incredible 15 million tonnes per year. Currently 75% of waste electrical goods end up in landfill where lead and other toxins (arsenic, bromine, cadmium, mercury, etc) can cause soil and water contamination.

Many materials used in electronic products can be reprocessed and reused in many ways, various kinds of metals, plastics, batteries and even circuit boards have precious components & can be used time and time again. Why is this important, because the planet only has a limited resource of certain materials, using them again helps sustainability of our environment that we all live in.

Where can I take my electrical waste?

All local authorities now have dedicated electrical skips or bins at their recycling sites where household users are encouraged to take their items, ranging from Fridges to your old electric toothbrush. Retailers are now also obliged to advise or provide WEEE take back schemes for recently purchased items.

For businesses, unfortunately the local recycling centre is not an option as WEEE from business is classed as non domestic trade waste.. Businesses also have a duty of care to ensure there electrical waste is disposed of in the correct manner or face penalties from the environment agency.

Business users of electrical products can approach licensed waste carriers or brokers to remove redundant equipment from their offices, however they also need to make sure that their waste is being taken to appropriate, licensed recycling facilities, therefore preventing illegal dumping or exporting of electrical waste .